Despite the confrontational nature and huge size of demonstrations, the pro-Yushchenko campaigners were determinedly nonviolent, with organizers like Pora having been influenced by the writings of Gene Sharp. Registered users can login to the website. Dual sovereignty and parallel government, 147. These demonstrators congregated in the Maidan, Kiev’s main square. While the United States and its allies have taken significant punitive actions against Russia, they have made little headway in hel… A chronology of key events in the history of Ukraine, from 1917 to the present ... Orange Revolution. Foreign government leaders supported negotiations and provide monetary support for the campaigners. Ukrainians overthrow dictatorship (Orange Revolution), 2004, Included Participation by More Than One Social Class, 005. This run-off vote took place on November 21, 2004, and official results from Kuchma’s government showed that Yanukovych had won by 3%. Many observers believed both trials were politically motivated. In 2004-2005 mass protests lasting for two months - the Orange Revolution - helped bring to power pro-Western President Viktor Yushchenko, who … This campaign was influenced by the democracy campaign in Serbia in 2000 (see “Serbians overthrow Milosevic (Bulldozer Revolution), 2000”) and the Rose Revolution in Georgia (see “Georgians overthrow a dictator (Rose Revolution), 2003”). The student protests organised to force President Viktor Yanukovych … In the 2004 Ukrainian elections the opposition maintained a strategy of non-violence over the longest protest period of 17 days but was prepared to use force if it had been attacked. The election was the fourth presidential election to take place in Ukraine following independence from the Soviet Union. Leaders and Partners participated from the very beginning. Cleared to seek a third term as president by the Constitutional Court, Kuchma instead endorsed the candidacy of Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych, who was also strongly supported by Russian Pres. Vladimir Putin. Nevertheless, on December 3 the Supreme Court ruled the election invalid and ordered a new runoff for December 26. Demonstrators from outside Kiev also came to the capital to join in the protests. As the campaign grew, Yushchenko set up the Committee of National Salvation and called for a national strike until the true results of the election were honored. Cleared to seek a third term as president by the Constitutional Court, Kuchma instead endorsed the candidacy of Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych, who was also strongly supported by Russian Pres. Third, the events in November 2004 forever changed relations between Ukraine and Russia. Motivated by many factors, Russia’s aggression in Ukraine has triggered the greatest security crisis in Europe since the Cold War. Winning 48.95 percent of the vote—a narrow lead over Tymoshenko’s 45.47 percent—Yanukovych took the presidency. The presidential election of 2004 brought Ukraine to the brink of disintegration and civil war. On January 22 two protesters were killed in skirmishes with police, and demonstrations soon spread to eastern Ukraine, a region that traditionally had supported Yanukovych and closer ties with Russia. Although international observers called attention to irregularities in some contests, the European Parliament characterized the election as comparatively fair, and the main opposition parties accepted the official results. The last time they did this, in November 2004, the result was the prolonged international incident that became known as the Orange Revolution. Subtelny, Orest. The top two candidates, Yanukovych and Tymoshenko, garnered about 35 and 25 percent, respectively. A year has passed since the start of Ukraine's "Revolution of Honour". Orange Revolution, Ukraine, 2004. Several other cities also refused to recognize the results of the election, believing Yushchenko to be the true winner. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2009. pp634-9. As the government continued to balance the often conflicting goals of maintaining positive relations with Russia and gaining membership in the EU, dissent between Yushchenko and Tymoshenko contributed to the collapse of their coalition in September 2008. In September Yushchenko’s health began to fail, and medical tests later revealed he had suffered dioxin poisoning (allegedly carried out by the Ukrainian State Security Service), which left his face disfigured. Yushchenko, supported by a united opposition, was expected to win the election. Tulip Revolution, Kyrgyzstan, 2005. Pora set up a protest camp immediately, but other groups awaited the run-off vote. The next presidential election, held on January 17, 2010, confirmed the political demise of President Yushchenko, who received only about 5 percent of the vote. In 2011 former prime minister Tymoshenko, the country’s most popular politician, was convicted of abuse of power in connection with a 2009 natural gas deal with Russia and given a seven-year prison sentence. Ukraine has long played an important, yet sometimes overlooked, role in the global security order. Furthermore, on November 24, the Central Election Commission announced Yanukovych as the winner, sparking even greater anger from the pro-Yushchenko groups. Kiev, and other cities in the Central and Western regions of the country. The Yushchenko supporters continued their mass demonstrations in Kiev, with numbers nearing one million people. The “Orange Revolution” by Ukrainians was successful. NOW 50% OFF! Tymoshenko’s Fatherland party claimed 101 seats, Vitali Klitschko’s Ukrainian Democratic Alliance for Reforms (UDAR) won 40 seats, and the ultranationalist Svoboda (“Freedom”) party had a surprisingly strong showing, winning 37 seats. 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